Situated in northwest France, Brittany used to be an independent kingdom before it became a duchy and then an administrative region in the modern nation of France. The name comes from the little-known circumstance of the area once being called Little Britain to distinguish it from Great Britain. Due to its long history of British-French heritage, the area is also considered to be one of the "six Celtic nations. Brittany is located on a peninsula that juts out into the Atlantic Ocean, just south of the English Channel, and slightly north of the Bay of Biscay.
Among Brittany's many interesting features is the presence of megalithic monuments. Made of huge slabs of stone arranged in columns, these monuments are ancient and probably date from the days of Celtic occupations. The purpose and exact history of the monuments is not fully understood.
Another tourist draw to Brittany is the Calvary sculptures, which are scattered throughout the area at crossroads in small villages. These sculptures depict scenes of the crucifixion and are a testament to the highly religious nature of the region in times past. Calvary sculptures are found throughout the region, but are particularly prominent in Western Brittany.
Holiday homes in Brittany offer tourists a chance to stay near old fortified towns such as Saint-Malo, a city that has retained its ancient walls.
The dominant language in Brittany is French, but locals may also speak Breton, a Celtic language closely related to Welsh and Cornish.
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